The novel coronavirus outbreak, which began in Wuhan, China, in December, has expanded to touch every corner of the globe. Millions of people around the world have been sickened and hundreds of thousands of others have died.The World Health Organization has declared the virus a global health emergency and rated COVID-19’s global risk of spread and impact as “very high,” the most serious designation the organization gives.The COVID-19 pandemic has sent large shockwaves through global economies. Due to the global implications of the COVID-19 outbreak from a live Chinese food market, there could be ‘life or death’ implications on what food we eat, how we produce it and where we buy it.”
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), there are several definitions of food self-sufficiency that are applicable. The most basic of these is the extent to which a country can satisfy its food needs from its own domestic production.As per the FAO, a more practical way to think about food self-sufficiency is to express the percentage of foods consumed in terms of how much is produced domestically.Food self-sufficiency is defined as being able to meet consumption needs (particularly for staple food crops) from own production rather than by buying or importing. .Food security is a measure of the availability of food and individuals ability to access it. Affordability is only one factor.Nepal being a land-locked country, food self sufficiency is extremely important factor.First, there are important aspects to consider with regard to international trade. To limit the spread of the novel coronavirus, governments have taken measures to restrict flows of goods, capital, and labor.As of now, the effects are most visible in the early parts of the supply chain.The shipping industry, carrier of 80% of world trade by volume, has been severely harmed by the pandemic outbreak. Travel has been restricted in multiple parts of the world and considering the rate at which extreme precautions are being taken, further quarantining of goods and people may soon be mandated. In sectors outside the food system, actors are reporting on a slowing down of imports due to lengthier processes at borders and customs, and similar effects are beginning to become visible within the food industry as well. Taking into account what we now know about the concept of food self-sufficiency, this paints a dim picture.Until we will become self- reliant it is very difficult to get rid of prevailing problems (food shortage ) and upcoming risk and uncertainties. Also, all the export are decided to cut off by Indian government in order to smoothen the food material supply within their own country. Furthermore, for overcoming this pandemic, food(nutrition) is very much important because majority of death from Covid-19 positively correlate with weak immune system and we couldn’t deny the fact that immune system is positively correlated with nutrition. The import cut off therefore means, the production within the boundary of Nepal should be raised to meet the existing nutrition demand in the country.Overviewing Nepal’s commerce standing, Nepal is dealing with commerce deficit. Although, Nepal couldn’t get independent in merchandise as petroleum, equipment, medicines, there’s nonetheless sufficient potential of changing into independent in agricultural product akin to greens, fruits cereal grains by correctly using the obtainable sources.Being a landlocked nation, we should not overlook the truth that blockade from any of the 2 neighboring nation can have nice unfavourable influence on availability of many primary wants together with meals. The demonic determination of imposing two month lengthy blockade by India through the havoc of earthquake in 2015 had pressured Nepal to assume twice concerning the state of affairs that’s created by being depending on nearly every all the things on others. We should be taught lesson from such traumatic situation be ready for any form of comparable state of affairs that will occurred in future by both of the 2 nation. Not overlooking the doable penalties of inside, regional geopolitical conflicts, we should all the time be ready to deal with it.
From all these situations, we’ve now realized the significance of food self sufficiency in Nepal. Food self sufficiency will be achieved at completely different stage starting from nationwide stage to native stage even on particular person stage. So, although making Nepal meals ample without delay sound fairly overambitious, we may really obtain it starting from particular person stage. Every non-farming background residents can even contribute Nepal on this mission. The main downside fixer on this regard i.e. farmers can contribute considerably in making nation meals independent by adopting most of the possible choices to extend the manufacturing. Permaculture, Bio-intensive agriculture, mechanized agriculture, System of Rice Intensification(SRI) to lift the paddy manufacturing with much less exterior inputs, multi-tier cropping, riverbed farming, use of extra water environment friendly technique of irrigation like drip irrigation, and so forth. different a number of type of agricultural intensification incorporating sustainable approaches may very well be adopted by farmers for growing the manufacturing. Growing crops greens by adopting appropriate practices by the residents residing in city areas or different areas with inadequate l can even contribute for being meals independent at particular person stage. Different revolutionary farming practices akin to yard gardening, vertical gardening, container gardening, hanging backyard, aquaponics, tower gardening, Nutrient Film Techniques(NFT), hydroponics most significantly rooftop gardening will be adopted by residents primarily based on their feasibility suitability. Furthermore, underexploited minor indigenous fruits greens obtainable within the locality with excessive dietary worth also needs to be utilized commercialized for growing meals safety. Nettle leaf(Sisnu), fiddlehead fern (niuro),amaranth leaves( latte),Lamb’s quarter( bethe),watercress( khole saag), raspberry(aiselu), bayberry(kaphal), Indian barberry(chutro),Nepalese firethorn( ghangaru), nutgall tree(bhakimlo), and so forth. are solely few examples of indigenous fruits greens. There are many extra that may very well be utilized correctly for addressing the meals safety downside.Summing up, meals being one of many important want of the human being, each citizen has proper to entry it however a number of situation could intervene the graceful provide of those merchandise. Covid-19, being one of many communicable illness, lockdown is applied within the nation to cease its unfold nevertheless it has a lot unfavourable influence on import of meals to fulfill the prevailing dem. This has arisen the massive want for Nepal to realize meals self sufficiency as a way to present meals to its public throughout this pemic. So, we will take this havoc of Corona as a chance main Nepal towards meals self-sufficiency by mobilizing human different obtainable sources for ample manufacturing of the meals inside the nation.In Israel, only about 4 percent of the population is engaged in agriculture. But it meets 95 percent of the country’s food needs. More than 65 percent of Nepal’s population is dependent on agriculture and we import more than Rs 220 billion worth of food annually. So here is a need to improve the way of agriculture. People should follow new technology rather than depending on old farming practices. Farmer should be providing training and enough knowledge about different innovative farming practices such as backyard gardening, vertical gardening, container gardening, hanging garden, aquaponics, tower gardening, Nutrient Film Techniques (NFT), hydroponics and most importantly rooftop gardening which can safe there time as well as effort and provide enough productions. To cope with climate challenges Climate Smart Agriculture has been the best solution. Breeding programs to develop resistant varieties should be given more priority. Farmers should get enough subsidy in agriculture inputs so that they can adopt new farming practices. Crop insurance by the government can increase their risk-taking ability. Various training on good agricultural practices and extension work should be carried out to make farmers aware about new technology. The development of community seed banks to fulfill demand during the crisis has been useful. Cultivation should also be started in the barren land. Permaculture, Bio-intensive agriculture, mechanized agriculture, System of Rice Intensification(SRI) to raise the paddy production with less external inputs, multi-tier cropping, riverbed farming, use of more water-efficient means of irrigation like drip irrigation, etc. and other several forms of agricultural intensification incorporating sustainable approaches could be adopted by farmers for increasing the production. The adoption of organic farming on such land can improve the fertility of the soil and thus improved productivity.
Barsha Koirala is a bsc ag student